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同等学力申硕英语考试长句解析

2015-06-09 10:02 来源:中国同等学力在职研究生网

同等学力申硕是在职研究生教育形式三大形式之一,于每年三月份报名,五月份考试,七月出成绩,特点免试入学,所以考试难度相对较低。下面特别对同等学力申硕英语考试的常见句型结构进行解析。

1.同等学力申硕英语考试并列结构

省略最常见于并列结构中。

定义:两个或两个以上、由并列连词或其他并列手段连接起来的语法结构叫做并列结构。

2.同等学力申硕英语考试并列连词

英语有三个主要的并列连词:and, or, but

关联并列连词:both…and, either…or, not…but, not…nor, neither…nor, not only…but also

近似并列连词:as well as, as much as, rather than, more than

三个词项:nor, so, yet

3.同等学力英语并列结构中的省略现象

并列结构中,常常发生省略的现象,后一个分句与前一个分句相同的句子成分可以省去,也可以省略连词。

a.共同主语的省略

(1)The town offers better cultural advantages than (it) has been generally supposed.

As families move away from their stable community, their friends of many years,

their extended family relationships, the informal flow of information is cut

off, and with it the confidence that information will be available when needed

and (information) will be trustworthy and reliable.

b.共同主动词、助动词或情态动词的省略

(3)John must have been playing football and Mary (must have been) doing her homework.

(4)John should clean the shed and Peter (should) mow the lawn.

(5)Failing hips can be replaced, clinical depression (can be) controlled,

cataracts (can be) removed in a 30-minute surgical procedure.

(6)He drives faster than you (do)。

(7)She plays with him as a cat (plays) with a mouse.

c.共同主语、谓语的省略

(8)It is said that in England death is pressing, in Canada (death is) inevitable and in

California (death is) optional.

(9)Tom hates him as much as (he hates) me.

(10) I have always lived more in the future than (I have lived) in the present.

d.共同主动词及其补足成分的省略

(11) Gorge will take the course and Bob might (take the course) too.

(12) John was the winner in 1989, and Bob (was the winner) in 1990.

e.共同表语的省略

(13) They were as anxious as he was (anxious)。

(14) He is a better man (that) you´ll ever be.

4.英语考试省略句的处理

并列结构的省略中,往往第一个分句结构完整;因此,理解并列结构中的省略句时,首先找出并列成分,并参照并列的第一个分句的句子结构和成分将其他分句补充完整。

Notes: 1. 为了句子的简洁,并列句中常常引起省略。因此在阅读句子时,看见并列连词要考虑是否发生了省略;

2. 需要指出,由and连接并列成分除表示语义并列以外,还可表示其他意义。例如:

He is Jack of all trades and master of none. (表转折)

He heard a cry for help, and he rushed out of the house. (表因果)

Think it over again and you´ll find a way out. (表结果)

Mary likes music and Jim is fond of sports. (表对比)

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考试时间

2015年同等学力申硕各专业的报名时间。时间是:2015年3月1日——3月20日,登陆学位网,进行网上报名。