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同等学力申硕英语模拟练习题及答案解析9

2014-08-26 14:53 来源:中国同等学力在职研究生网

Most people would be (21) by the high quality of medicine available (22) to most Americans. There is a lot of specialization, a great deal of (23) to the individual, a (24) amount of advanced technical equipment, and (25) effort not to make mistakes because of the financial risk which doctors and hospitals must (22) in the courts if they (27) things badly.

But the Americans are in a mess. The problem is the way in (28) health care is organized and (29). (30) to public belief it is not just a free competition system. To the private system has been joined a large public system, because private care was simply not (31) the less fortunate and the elderly.

But even with this huge public part of the system, (32) this year will eat up 84.5 billion dollars——more than 10 per cent of the U.S. Budget—large numbers of Americans are left (33). These include about half the 11 million unemployed and those who fail to meet the strict limits (34) income fixed by a government trying to make savings where in can.

The basic problem, however, is that there is no central control (35) the health system. There is no (36) to what doctors and hospitals charge for their services, other than what the public is able to pay. The number of doctors has shot up and prices have climbed. When faced with toothache, a sick child, or a heart attack, all the unfortunate person concerned can do is (37) up.

Twothirds of the population (38) covered by medical insurance. Doctors charge as much as they want (39) that the insurance company will pay the bill.

The rising cost of medicine in the U.S.A. is among the most worrying problems facing the country. In 1981 the country’s health bill climbed 15.9 per cent——about twice as fast as prices (40) general.

21. [A] compressed [B] impressed [C] obsessed [D]. repressed

22. [A] available [B] attainable [C] achievable [D]. amenable

23. [A] extension [B] retention [C] attention [D]. exertion

24. [A] countless [B] titanic [C] broad [D] vast

25. [A] intensive [B] absorbed [C] intense [D] concentrated

26. [A] run into [B] come into [C] face [D] defy

27. [A] treat [B] deal [C] maneuver [D] handle

28. [A] which [B] that [C] what [D] when

29. [A] to finance [B] financed [C] the finance [D] to be financed

30. [A] Contrary [B] Opposed [C] Averse [D] Objected

31. [A] looking for [B] looking into [C] looking after [D] looking over

32. [A] which [B] what [C] that [D] it

33. [A] over [B] out [C] off [D] away

34. [A] for [B] in [C] with [D] on

35. [A] over [B] on [C] under [D] behind

36. [A] boundary [B] restriction [C] confinement [D] limit

37. [A] to pay [B] paying [C] pay [D] to have paid

38. [A] is being [B] are [C] have been [D] is

39. [A] knowing [B] to know [C] they know [D] known

40. [A] in [B] with [C] on [D] for

答案与解析

21. [B]

解析:词义辨析题。各个选项的意思和辨析如下: compress 挤压;压缩。压缩机就是compressor。近义词squeeze。 impress 影响;给某人以深刻印象。名词impression印象。形容词impressive给人深刻印象的,感人的,出色的。 obsess迷住,使困扰。例如He was obsessed with the idea. 她一心想着那个念头。 express压制(感情等);镇压。

22. [A]

解析:Something is available to someone:某人可以享受到……

例如:Free education is available to all taxpayers.所有纳税人都可以享受到免费教育。 available 可以获得的。现成的。

attainable 虽然和available意思相近,但是没有“现成的”之意。包含“需要努力才能得到的”意思。 achievable 的用法和attainable相近。也包含“需努力才能得到”的意思。 amenable 有责任的,需要负责的。应该服从的,有服从义务的。例如,citizens amenable to the law,应该遵纪守法的公民。

23. [C]

解析:extension 延长,延续;推迟。 retention保留,保持,保持物

attention注意,关心,关注,注意力。exertion 尽力,努力,发挥,行使,运用

24. [D]

Vast amount of:大量的。 countless无数的。通常用于可数名词。近义词myriad, many。titanic 巨大的。常形容体积。近义词colossal

broad宽的,宽广的 vast的用途比较广泛。可以用来形容体积,数量,程度,及强度。近义词enormous。比如:vast amounts of investment巨额的投资。

25. [C]

解析:intensive强烈的,精深的,透彻的。Absorbed全神贯注的,一心一意的。

intense强烈的,剧烈的,热切的,热情的,激烈的

例如,the excitement was intense非常激动intense pain剧烈的疼痛。

26. [C]

解析:Must后面用动词原形。To face = to be faced with:面对。

27. [D]

解析:Handle = to deal with:处理。Treat:给……治病,对待。Maneuver:有策略、有手腕地对待、处理。

28. [A]

解析:Which引导的定语从句修饰the way。这里in which完全可以省略掉,变成:the way health care is organized... 再比如:the way he treated his wife:他对待他妻子的方式 = the way in which he treated his wife。

29. [B]

解析:Finance在这里是动词。和organize是并列关系,用其过去分词。

30. [A]

解析:Contrary to…和……相反。Opposed to 和……反对,敌对,作对。

Averse (常与to连用)嫌恶的 I am not averse to a dance party and a good meal after a week’s hard work. 我不反对一周紧张的工作后举办一次舞会,再美餐一顿。

31. [C]

解析:looking for 寻找

looking into 调查 look after 照顾;照看

looking over 检查,察看

32. [A]

解析:Which引导一个非限定性定语从句,修饰名词this huge public part of the system。非限定性定语从句不能用that修饰。

33. [B]

解析:To leave someone/something out:省略,忽略,不考虑。 The entire Chapter II was left out in the second edition. 再版的时候整个的第二章都被删掉了。 To leave over:留下,剩下。 questions left over by history历史遗留下来的问题

34. [D]

解析:There’s no limit on…:……是没有限度的。 There’s no limit on the potential of the human brain. 人大脑的潜力是无限的。

35. [A]

解析:和control搭配的介词是over。

36. [D]

解析:boundary界线;边界。例如,the boundaries of the country ,国界。界限;范围。例如:the boundaries of knowledge 知识范围。

Restriction限制。例如:restrictions for hunters对猎人实施的限制。a restriction against smoking in schools 禁止在学校吸烟。

confinement (被)限制, (被)禁闭, 产期, 分

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