声明: 根据国务院学位委员会、教育部(2013)36号文件,自2014年起, 原"在职研究生课程班"更改为"高级研修课程班", 在职人员申请硕士学位流程及要求不变。

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同等学力申硕英语模拟练习题及答案解析4

2014-08-26 14:41 来源:中国同等学力在职研究生网

When women do become managers, do they bring a different style and different skills to the job? Are they better, or worse, managers than men? Are women more highly motivated and __1__ than male managers?

Some research __2__ the idea that women bring different attitudes and skills to management jobs, such as greater __3__, an emphasis on affiliation and attachment, and a __4__ to bring emotional factors to bear __5__ making workplace decisions. These differences are __6_ to carry advantages for companies, __7__ they expand the range of techniques that can be used to __8__ the company manage its workforce __9__.

A study commissioned by the International Women′s Forum __10__ a management style used by some women managers (and also by some men) that __11__ from the command-and-control style __12__ used by male managers. Using this "interactive leadership" approach, "women __13__ participation, share power and information, __14__ other people′s self-worth, and get others excited about their work. All these __15__ reflect their belief that allowing __16__ to contribute and to feel __17__ and important is a win-win __18__-good for the employees and the organization." The study′s director __19__ that "interactive leadership may emerge __20__ the management style of choice for many organizations."

1. A) confronted B) commanded C) confined D) committed

2. A) supports B) argues C) opposes D) despises

3. A) combination B) cooperativeness C) coherence D) correlation

4. A) willingness B) loyalty C) sensitivity D) virtue

5. A) by B) in C) at D) with

6. A) disclosed B) watched C) revised D) seen

7. A) therefore B) whereas C) because D) nonetheless

8. A) help B) enable C) support D) direct

9. A) evidently B) precisely C) aggressively D) effectively

10. A) developed B) invented C) discovered D) located

11. A) derives B) differs C) descends D) detaches

12. A) inherently B) traditionally C) conditionally D) occasionally

13. A) encourage B) dismiss C) disapprove D) engage

14. A) enhance B) enlarge C) ignore D) degrade

15. A) themes B) subjects C) researches D) things

16. A) managers B) women C) employees D) males

17. A) faithful B) powerful C) skillful D) thoughtful

18. A) situation B) status C) circumstance D) position

19. A) predicted B) proclaimed C) defied D) diagnosed

20. A) into B) from C) as D) for

答案与解析:

1. D confront面对,遭遇;command命令,指挥;confine有限的,狭窄的;committed(对事业,本职工作尽忠的)

2. A despise轻视,厌恶,根据下文可知,这些研究是支持而不是反驳这种观点,只有support为支持的意思

3. B 根据下文,强调affiliation,attachment的自然就是cooperativeness合作了。

4. A willingness愿意,自发

5. B bear sth. in sth.(one′s mind)心里怀有,铭记在心

6. D be seen to...被视为……

7. C nonetheless=nevertheless虽然如此;whereas虽然,反之;这两词表转折,先排除。根据句意,是表因而不是果,故选because

8. A 只有help可以接不带to的不定式。

9. D effectively有效的

10. C

11. B differ from 区别,不同

12. B traditionally 传统上的

13. A encourage 鼓励

14. A enhance提高,增强

15. D things事情

16. C 根据88题后的employee可以轻易得到答案

17. B powerful强大的和后面的important重要的相呼应。

18. A win-win situation双赢

19. A 根据后面句子里的情态动词may可知,研究主任的话是预测,不是宣布,故用predict.

20. C emerge as作为,以……的形式,此处意为“作为可供选择的管理模式”

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考试时间

2015年同等学力申硕各专业的报名时间。时间是:2015年3月1日——3月20日,登陆学位网,进行网上报名。